During the eighties and nineties, the world production of pomegranates was quite stable, estimated between 800,000 to 1 million tons. However, from the end of the nineties and more from the new century the crop shows a clear expansive tendency.
Today the production of pomegranates exceeds 2 million tons.
It should be noted that it is hard to estimate the accurate production and marketing of pomegranate fruit. This is because many of their plantations are not commercial, but homemade, therefore allowing only an estimate of their extension.
Cultivation of the Pomegranate in Afghanistan, Asia and North Africa
It is the region in which the pomegranate acquires greater importance since it is a traditional crop. There are two major producing regions:
- The largest in Central Asia: Iran, Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan.
- The Mediterranean: Israel, Egypt, Tunisia, Turkey.
In general, only a small part is exported fresh. The export of pomegranates represents only 1-5% of the production.
India is the second largest producer of pomegranate in the world. In India the crop is expanding. This trend is observed for all fresh fruits, with the pomegranate being one of the species with the greatest success.
Afghanistan bet heavily on Afghan pomegranate. It is a traditional crop in Afghanistan, being very widespread (it is the fourth most important fresh fruit of Afghanistan).
The production that at the beginning of 2000 was located at 30,000 tons, which doubled. In 2008, it was estimated at 68,000 tons. Along with the promotion of the crop, an effort is being made to export it. In 2007, 1,100 tons of Afghan pomegranate fruit were exported to India, Singapore, the United Kingdom and Canada.
In 2008 the export was increased to 2,900 tons and the destinations were; Japan, India, Pakistan, UAE, Ukraine and Iran. The largest area is located in the south of the country and is that of Kandahar, that is how Kandahar is the main producer of the finest quality Anar fruit in Afghanistan.
The Arabs appreciate the pomegranate juice very much, being popular as food and as an ornament. For this reason, Arab countries are important buyers of this fruit. Probably the Arab countries as a whole (Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, etc.) are the first world importer of pomegranate.
The health benefits of pomegranates
The Afghan pomegranate fruit has countless health benefits and its involvement in the cure of diseases has been widely recognized since ancient times. It stands out for its extensive antioxidant activity. Therefore, this fruit has been the subject of innumerable studies over the years that have demonstrated its potential against diseases related to vascular, intestinal, cancer, as well as neurodegenerative diseases.
Pomegranates have healthy amounts of fiber to help keep your system regulated, and it is one of the fruits that nutritionists suggest for weight loss and control of cholesterol levels, while at the same time reinforcing the immune system, improving circulation and protect against cancer. In addition, they truly protect against cancer as several studies indicate.
This is a ready-to-eat food that contains what you need for your table and your optimal health. When buying them you should choose the bright color with brown shades and thin skin
Remember to drink pomegranate fruit juice moderately since they contain fructose, which can be harmful to health in excessive amounts.