Humans have been using natural resources since they appeared on the earth. Agriculture is to exploit soil, land, water, plants, animals, and energy to meet the basic requirements of humans. Agriculture is the major sector of the economy in Afghanistan and is the source of livelihood, income and legal activities for Afghans.
Agriculture has changed dramatically, especially since the end of World War II productivity increased tremendously due to new technologies, mechanization, increased chemical use, and specialization. Although these changes had many positive effects and reduced many risks in farming, there have also been significant damages such as topsoil depletion, groundwater contamination, the declining of family farms, continued neglect of the living and working conditions for farm laborers, increasing costs of production and the disintegration of economic and social conditions in rural communities.
Increasing concern for long-term farm productivity reduction and the effect of agricultural practices on the environment led to the concept of sustainable agriculture. The American Society of Agronomy in 1989 declared that; “sustainable agriculture is one that, over the long-term, enhances environmental quality and the resource base on which agriculture depends; provides basic human food and fiber needs; is economically viable; and enhances the quality of life of farmers and society as a whole.
Systems high in sustainability can be taken to be those that aim to make the best use of environmental goods and services while not damaging these assets. The idea of agricultural sustainability does not mean ruling out any technologies or practices; however, if a technology works to improve the productivity of farms, and does not harm the environment, then it is likely to have some sustainability benefits. In this post, issues related to intensive agriculture, the concept of sustainable agriculture and its importance are briefly discussed.
A critical factor in achieving sustainable growth is a sustainable supply of raw materials at the most basic level. Boustan Sabz Agriculture Company has been working with farmers on a contract basis for the past decade, and it has been a relationship we believe works well for both the farmer and the company. In some cases, we supply the seed, and provide technical advice, while the farmer provides the land, labor, and utilities. This cooperation between Boustan Sabz and family farms increase efficiency and quality while maintaining affordable prices for our clients and consumers.
This also allows us to add value to the lives of hundreds of thousands of local workers. In addition, while purchasing raw materials, we prioritize procuring directly from farmers, and we may establish contract farming by providing seed and other support to farmers as needed. This ensures a solidified and sustainable relationship with farmers and a steady supply of raw materials, thereby contributing significantly to the economic and social development of local communities.