Concentrating production in strategically selected places is a way to guarantee the availability of grains and seeds both in quantity and with the opportunity and quality required.
According to data from the Ministry of Agriculture Irrigation and Livestock (MAIL), Fisheries and Food postharvest refers to the proper management for the conservation of various agricultural products, in order to determine the quality and its subsequent commercialization or consumption.
The postharvest of fruit and vegetables is a science created with the purpose of;
- Reduce the levels of weight loss of fruit and vegetables once harvested.
- Preserve the products for long periods to avoid damaging their nutritional quality and commercial value.
- Maintain the quality of the fruit and vegetables from the field to the table of the final consumer.
Postharvest treatments protect and maintain the quality of the fruit and vegetables treated; the development of postharvest treatments has allowed the creation of the current international fruit and vegetable market.
The Importance of Post-harvest
Currently, the production and consumption of fresh fruit and vegetables are growing globally, according to the FAO, the gross value of the world production of the fresh fruit and vegetable market was USD 1,245 trillion in 2014.
However, 40% of food production is wasted in developed countries at the level of supermarkets and consumers, the figure does not improve in underdeveloped countries, 40% is also wasted but at the level of production and food processing. Among the categories of food, fresh and specifically fruit and vegetables have the highest ratio of food waste, a significant 45 percent.
FAO has expressed on numerous occasions its concern about how the future population will be fed since two incompatible tendencies coexist:
The high ratio of food waste and the growth of the world population.
Therefore, knowing the figures, the solution is not so much an increase in food production, but better management of the food logistics chain and it is at this point that postharvest plays a differential role.
Causes of fruit and vegetable losses in postharvest
There are two basic causes that, cause losses at the post-harvest level:
- Physical-chemical damage: These damages can be caused by mechanical risks such as; bumps, scratches … or environmental risks such as; abrupt temperature variations, toxic gases, etc…
- Biological processes: Breathing of plants, development, and senescence, diseases and pathologies, etc …
Consequences of post-harvest losses
We can divide the consequences of postharvest losses in two sections:
- Loss of product
- Reduction of the useful life of the products
- Decrease in quality
Waste of resources used for the production of fruit and vegetables that are not consumed afterward.
The post-harvest system includes the performance of product conditioning practices, such as drying, cleaning, sorting, sorting, storage and control of pests, which are carried out from the time of their collection in the field and until their commercialization.
Boustan Sabz Agriculture Company has a state-of-the-art pack house and cold storage facility equipped with (-18C) freezer rooms are situated close to Bagram Air Force Kabul, which extends our reach to the international market in the Gulf and beyond. Our pack house has the capacity of handling over 40 tons of fresh fruits and vegetables at a time. Over 10K tons of fresh fruits and vegetables can be stored in the cold storage facilities to prolong the shelf life of these products. Our storage capacity is 8K tons and we have 5 chambers with a total capacity of 40K MT.